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Birthday of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated in Maharasthra as Shivaji Jayanti.
Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated on 19th February.
Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti, Shivaji Jayanti India, Shivaji Jayanti Information, Shivaji Maharaj History:
Shivaji Jayanti or even the birthday of Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated on a majestic scale in Maharashtra. Shivaji was born on 19th February, 1627. His parents Jijabai and Shahaji Bhonsle named him Shivaji following local Goddess Shivai. Shivaji was the creator with the Maratha nation. He was instrumental in uniting the Maratha chiefs of Mayal, Konkan and Desh areas. His military and civil administration was of best significance. He was successful in carving out a small kingdom by defeating the alien powers.
Chatrapati Shivaji is often a hero not only for the people today of Maharashtra but for those of India too. On the situation of Shivaji Jayanti numerous processions are taken out and people dress up like Shivaji and his associates. The birthday is celebrated on the massive scale and a variety of programmes remembering the achievements from the great ruler are organized.
History of Shivaji
Shivaji was born on 19th Februray, 1627, in Shivneri Fort, 60 kms north of Pune. He was named immediately after the neighborhood Goddess Shivai, to whom his mom prayed for the son. His father Shahaji Bhosle was the chief of the kingdom of Bijapur. He was however, not allowed to take cost of any fort. His mom had an incredible affect on him as he was released to Indian epics of Mahabharata, Ramayana along with other holy publications by her. Shivaji also acquired plenty of information from his father's unsuccessful attempts to gain energy. He was inspired by his father military techniques, peacetime diplomacy and in addition possessed knowledge of Sanskrit and Hindu scriptures.
Shivaji grew into a fearless military leader with trainings from commanders like Gomaji Naik and Baji Pasalkar. Youthful Shivaji was inspired, enthusiastic and energetic. In his early days he was productive in inspiring local youths to comply with his idealistic pursuits. In the age of 17, he attacked and captured Torna Fort of Bijapur and by 1647 he took control of Kondana and Raigad Forts. The Western Ghats along the Konkan Coast were also below his control by 1654.
As a way to sabotage Shivaji's rise to power, Adilshah arrested Shahji, his father by deceitful means and had armies sent towards Shivaji and his elder brother Sambaji. To suppress Shivaji's manage from the Bijapur kingdom, Afzal Khan was sent to destroy Shivaji. Nevertheless, along with his cunning means, Shivaji successfully stabbed Afzal Khan. Eventually Bijapur's armies were routed inside the well-known Battle of Pratapgarh in 1659 and Shivaji turned right into a hero of the Marathas. Now, beneath the self-confident leadership of Shivaji, the Marthas successfully pushed back the Mughals and the Sultanate kingdowms from his homeland.
The Mughals also fought versus Shivaji led by Shaista Khan beneath Aurangazeb. Having said that, Shivaji lost quite a few men against a well educated and disciplined Mughal army. Shivaji felt the want of finance to preserve an army and made the decision to loot the Mughal metropolis of Surat. The Mughal emperor then sent Jai Singh to defeat Shivaji. Following a few skirmishes, he believed it wise to accept the emperor's soverignity. But he was soon positioned underneath house arrest in Agra. Employing tact and intelligence, Shivaji successfully escaped from Agra and hid in his homeland and held a very low profile for a while. Shivaji steadily rebuild his empire and within 6 months was able to recover a lot of his misplaced ground.
Shivaji extended his empire additional south to Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. As a way to regain 1 of his forts, Kondana, he appointed his most trusted basic Tanaji Malusare. The battle that followed among the Marathas and the Mughals came to be referred to as the Maratha war of Independence where the Marathas had been productive in regaining the control of the fort.
Shivaji was formally coronated Chatrapati in 1674 in Raigad fort and henceforth came to get referred to as Chatrapati Shivaji. Shivaji died in 1680 although not just before leaving an indelible mark on the history pages. He laid the foundation of the Hindu empire which lasted for over two centuries. Shivaji continues to be a supply of inspiration and pride for generations for his courage and military acumen.